Tag Archives: Gran Sasso

On Tuesday, May 30, we presented the first XENON1T results in a seminar at LNGS, the laboratory where our experiment is hosted. The seminar was presented by Marco Selvi (INFN Bologna) in the Fermi room, the main auditorium at LNGS, and introduced by the LNGS director prof. Stefano Ragazzi in front of about 40 scientists.

After a short introduction on Dark Matter (you may guess that at LNGS they are well aware of the details of this physics puzzle! ), we described the construction and commissioning phase of the various systems crucial to run our detector.

We then focused mainly on the performances of XENON1T in the first science run,
where we reached the lowest ER background ever achieved in a dark matter experiment.

Also our sensitivity is very good, being it also the best out of the various direct search dark matter experiment, even with just 34 days of data acquisition.

With our result, XENON1T (and LNGS with) is back at the frontline of the race to finally detect dark matter particles … we look forward to analyse the already acquired >70 days of data !

 

Farewell to ICARUS

The ICARUS experiment just left Hall B at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory in Italy for its journey to CERN in Switzerland. We had designed the XENON1T water tank a bit smaller than originally planned to allow ICARUS to move past. Everything went smoothly, but it was a tight fit…

ICARUS moving

Part of the ICARUS experiment is hanging from the large crane in Hall B of the Gran Sasso underground lab, tightly squeezing past the XENON1T water tank on its way to CERN.

We wish our colleagues all the best with the future of their experiment. Read the full story of this move at interactions.org.

Like Mushrooms

The XENON1T is shielded from ambient radioactivity by a large water tank that is equipped as a muon veto. The tank has a diameter of 10 meters and is 10 meters high. It is constructed from top to bottom and went up in the Gran Sasso underground laboratory within less than a month:

 

Construction Started

The XENON1T experiment has been approved by the INFN executive committee to be built in Hall B of the underground laboratory Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) near Assergi, Italy. The experiment is designed to perform a search for Dark Matter with a sensitivity that is more than two orders of magnitude better than the current best sensitivities in the field.

XENON at Gran Sasso

Drawing of the XENON experiment at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. Left the water shielding with the cryostat, on the right the service building with the electronics and xenon handling systems.

XENON1T will contain more than 3000kg of liquid xenon that are instrumented as a two-phase (liquid/gas) time projection chamber. The cryostat is housed in a water tank ten meters high and ten meters in diameter, shown on the left in the picture. This water tank shields the experiment from ambient radioactivity. A three-story service building, shown on the right in the picture, houses the systems required for handling, cooling and purification of the xenon as well as electronics and computing required for data taking. First filling with liquid xenon is expected in 2014.